SAFETY CONTROL PLAN
INDUCTION AND TRAINING
Prior to start construction, personnel will undergo project HSE Induction. All visitors and suppliers shall be inducted and accompanied by the respective department representative if they want to visit to site. An induction sticker will be issued to all attendees identifying that they have satisfactorily completed their training requirements and shall be used on site.
Personnel will undergo site HSE induction prior to deploy to site and their participation in relevant HSE trainings in accordance with the Project HSE training matrix.
CONTRACTOR HSE PLAN, MANUAL AND PROCEDURES
HSE Plan and Manual procedures as applicable during execution. All above mentioned plan and procedures will be referred during the preparation of method statement and risk assessment. Plan shall be available on site..
TASK RISK ASSESSMENT / PTW
The activity risk assessment attached with the method statement will be communicated with the workforce on site prior to start each job and need to be recorded and documented. Task Risk Assessment on site will be prepared as required and communicated to the crew. TRA will be reviewed at the end of the task.
PTW relevant to work will be issued from the contractor in addition to the NOCs/PTW obtained from the relevant authorities. The recommendations of PTW will be conveyed to the workers engaged with the project.
SAFE WORK METHOD STATEMENTS (SWMS)
Safe Work Method Statements will be developed and reviewed in a consultative process with the work team prior to commencement of the work activity. Both method statement and risk assessment will be consulted with the team and recorded prior to work commencement. Any subsequent changes to the Safe Work Method Statement will also be approved and consulted with the workforce. Only approved MS shall be used on site.
Pre-start meetings will be conducted every day prior to start each job and are required to be documented as to date, time, presenter, attendees and subject matter discussed. Front Line Supervisor will facilitate pre-shift meetings daily to HSE concerns as the need arises (hazards associated with the activity and control measures, Risk assessment etc. with daily reviewing of the activity.
TOOL BOX TALKS
Toolbox talks are held weekly by the HSE Coordinator. This weekly safety briefing is to address project HSE issues, compliance with HSE Plan / PTW, accidents/near misses and lessons learned, changes to conditions on site whether due to construction activities or by weather etc. All construction workers and Management members are required to attend HSE Meeting and their attendance is recorded.
TRAINING IN SAFE USE OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES
Employees who are involved in the use of any hazardous substance will be trained on the proper handling, usage, storage, and disposal. A record of this induction will be maintained. No chemical is received or stored without MSDS.
TRAINING IN PROPER USE OF PPE
PPE relevant to the project in accordance with site work rules / colour code and HSE plan will be provided to personnel. The basic PPE requirement includes Helmets, Safety shoes, Safety glass and reflective jacket. Subcontractor will keep relevant stock of PPE on site and will be replaced as required. Personnel will be trained on the use of PPEs relevant to their work.
PPE (Personal Protective Equipment)
Personal Protective Equipment protects individuals from harm when all other methods employed to eliminate risk have failed to do so completely. PPE is a last resort. PPE acts as a barrier between individuals and potentially hazardous chemicals, machines, tools and processes. To be effective, PPE must be carefully selected to protect against the particular hazards individual’s face. When workers use the right PPE – and use it properly – they greatly reduce the risk of job related injury and illness. PPE should be maintained at all times in good working order.
Safety helmets/hard hats are used to protect the head from falling objects and to prevent the head from striking off objects. They should be replaced periodically. Workers using safety harnesses should wear a helmet with a secure chin strap to keep it on the head in the event of a fall.
Safety boots are required on all construction sites. They should have steel toecaps and sole protection to prevent the toes from being crushed and any object from penetrating the sole. High-visibility vests and high-visibility jackets help to ensure that a worker can be seen by drivers and operators of plant and other vehicles.
Eye protection in the form of glasses/goggles/visors protects the eyes from dust, flying objects, and splashes (e.g. when cutting and grinding).
Safety gloves protect the hands from cuts and from contact with harmful substances, sharp objects, etc.
Ear protectors help to protect hearing from loud sudden noise or from continuous loud noise. There are two action levels. Where noise exposure is at or exceeds 80 dBA (decibels), individual hearing protectors must be made available. Where noise exposure is at or exceeds 85 dBA, individual hearing protectors must be made available and must be used. There is also a limit value set at 87 dBA, which must not be exceeded. The limit value takes account of the attenuation provided by hearing protectors worn by the worker. The action values do not take account of the effect of such protectors. Where Risk Assessment reveals a risk to the worker’s health as a result of noise exposure, audiometric testing (hearing check) will have to be made available. In dirty and dusty environments, earmuffs are the recommended form of ear protection
Dust masks protect workers from inhaling harmful dusts.
Respiratory equipment protects workers by filtering out harmful substances from the air breathed in. To work effectively, they must be well maintained.
Face-protection visors protect the face from flying objects, sparks, and splashes from hot or harmful substances.
Safety harnesses with a fall-arrest system (including other parts such as lanyard, shock absorber and suitable anchors) prevent people from hitting the ground if they fall from a height. Fall-arrest systems should be used in conjunction with a rescue plan. Safety harnesses and personal fall-arrest equipment are not a substitute for safe working platforms or collective protection such as safety nets.
Excessive amounts of dust can cause eye and respiratory irritation, especially in dry conditions. In general, dust and muck represent a nuisance to both workers and others in the vicinity. All traffic routes in public areas near construction works should be kept clear of muck. To reduce the effects of air-borne dust, water spraying is recommended.
Washing hands is the thorough cleaning of one’s hands. This is normally achieved using soap and running water. In remote short-term locations an alternative method is the use of biological hand wash solutions in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. It is critically important that all personnel understand the importance of thoroughly washing their hands prior to eating, drinking or smoking so as to avoid infecting themselves with any bacteria or viruses that their hands may have come in contact with during the course of their work.
Work activity may involve possible exposure to chemical, bacterial and viral risks (e.g. spray-painting, work with contaminated ground, working close to sewers, culverts and drains etc). Persons involved in such activities should only eat, drink or smoke after thoroughly cleaning their hands and must not eat food whilst working as infection can very easily pass from the hands to food whilst eating.
Exposure to micro-organisms such as bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi may cause an allergy, infection, poisoning or toxic effect. If it is suspected that biological agents are present, a controlled thorough examination of the area must be carried out to identify these agents. It will be necessary to seek medical advice, and to vaccinate those likely to be exposed (e.g. for Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B and tetanus). Weil’s disease is a severe form of leptospirosis with fever, jaundice and muscle pain, transmitted by rats via contaminated water and is a potential risk for anyone working close to sewers and waterways. Appropriate PPE should be worn.
SAFETY DATA SHEET
A Safety Data Sheet (SDS) must be made available by the manufacturer/supplier of a dangerous substance or preparation of any professional user. The SDS contains prescribed and detailed information relating to a chemical product in an internationally recognised and uniform layout. It must list the following properties of the particular substance: identification of the substance; composition/ ingredients; physical/chemical properties; stability and reactivity; first-aid measures; spillage measures; fire-fighting measures; exposure controls/PPE; storage and handling; ecological information; toxicological information; transport information; disposal considerations and supply and labelling information. All persons using or handling a dangerous substance must be familiar with and aware of the relevant contents of its SDS.
When construction plant such as bulldozers, dumpers, rollers, etc are being bought or used, consideration must be given to the potential risks to workers from vibration emissions. Whole-body vibration means that type of mechanical machine vibration which, when transmitted to the whole body, entails risk to the safety and health of employees – in particular lower-back morbidity and trauma of the spine. Where there is or there is likely to be exposure to mechanical vibration a suitable and appropriate Risk Assessment must be carried out. Measures that may be taken to reduce such exposure might include: provision of auxiliary equipment (handles, seats etc); clothing to protect against cold and damp; selection of alternative equipment and methods; equipment maintenance programmes; information; training; limitation of duration; rest periods; and work design.
REPORTING OF ACCIDENTS / INCIDENTS / NEAR-MISSES
In case of any Accident / incident reported at work will be reported verbally and electronic (SMS text message) notification to Contractor and an initial written notification within four (4) hours following the incident using a prescribed accident/incident project report format and a written detailed incident investigation report within twenty four (24) hours of an incident including a basic cause analysis. High potential near-misses will also be reported to Contractor.
GENERAL HSE REQUIREMENTS
HSE ORGANIZATION AT SITE
Designated HSE staff will be available at work to monitor HSE compliance and violations are reported to CM/CD for action
All Construction materials will be properly stored at site in designated places, allowing sufficient space between the rows. Mechanical shifting of material will be encouraged to minimize manual handling
PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
All plant and equipment shall be inspected, colour coded prior to introduce to site and properly maintained and in good condition prior to allow working on site and shall be equipped with fire extinguisher / first aid box. The entry sticker will be renewed every year with new colour code. No Plant Equipment without inspection should be deployed to site.
OPERATORS / WORKERS
All operators will have UAE valid license and be properly trained on the type of equipment they are operating. Operators should conduct daily check and recorded (daily inspection checklist). Competent designation form for operators will be submitted.
Manual handling means more than just lifting or carrying something. It describes a range of activities, including carrying, holding, lifting, lowering, moving, pushing, pulling or supporting an object or person. Up to one-third of all work injuries are caused by manual handling activity. The manual handling regulations require that manual handling activities should be assessed, taking account of risk factors (unfavourable ergonomic conditions), and that appropriate control measures should be put in place to avoid or reduce the risk of injury.
All excavation works shall be carried out and controlled with Permit to Work system, Method Statement and excavation project procedure and activity risk assessment if the excavation is deeper than 1.2mtr. The excavation it will be properly protected against by sloping or benching; where required shoring will be used.
Spoil material kept at least 2 meters away, proper access and egress, used daily inspection checklist and physical barriers is used to alert operators of heavy equipment and other workers at the work site of the edge of an excavation.
Mechanical cutting or digging at or close to underground services is generally not permitted except in limited circumstances and only under strict supervision. Such services are normally uncovered or made visible by controlled hand digging, to minimise the risk of cutting or puncturing the service. However, care should be taken during hand digging, as this can also result in cutting services and exposing live conductors. Normally, only when all lines are clearly visible should mechanical digging commence. Consideration may also be given to having a representative of the relevant utility company present when work takes place close to underground services.
Shoring gives temporary support to the walls of a trench. Sheeting is placed along the walls of the trench; both vertical and horizontal props support the length of the excavation exposed. Several types of proprietary shoring systems are available, including hydraulic waling frames, manhole shores, slide-rail systems and trench/drag boxes. Traditional ground-support systems – timber boards supported by timber waling and struts or by steel trench sheeting, or sheet piling supported by timber or steel walings and struts – can also be used. Only a competent person who has completed a thorough Risk Assessment should choose the system to use.
Back Filling is the re-instatement and making safe of the excavation. It must be carried out immediately after the support systems are removed. Stop blocks should be used to alert drivers of vehicles (dumpers, lorries, teleporters, etc) when they are approaching the side of the excavation.
Qualified trained banksman will be used with all moving plant and equipment and with heavy vehicles while reversing
Safe tipping will be observed, like leveled and compacted area, banksman, supervision etc. Road shall be marked to identify drop off edges.
This section deals with some of the key controls associated with managing and controlling traffic flow to safeguard workers and members of the public from road works. When any work activity near or on a public road is being planned, traffic and pedestrian (members of the public) management must be considered as part of the detailed Risk Assessment. As part of this assessment, where other controls are identified, these must also be planned for and implemented.
Drivers will be instructed to follow safe driving measures detailed in the attached Risk assessment. Drivers will be inducted on the same and recorded.
A road diversion may be needed so that members of the public and related traffic do not come close to the road works. A road diversion may solve some problems, but care needs to be taken to ensure that it does not create greater problems. Road diversions need to be meticulously planned to ensure that the volume and size of traffic diverted can safely navigate the alternative road. Possible issues include bridge clearances, safe public/local access, road markings, road surfaces and road width. Adequate road markings, warning signs, etc, should be provided. Arrangements for road diversions should be detailed in the site’s traffic management plan.
SIGNS AND BARRICADES
Proper warning and traffic signs and barricades will be provided including the signs to control the traffic. No open excavation or holes without barricade. Warning signs must be posted.
Traffic-control plans must be prepared to help plan and control traffic movement. Measures to control traffic may include: bollards, flagmen, ramps, stop-go men, stop-go systems, temporary traffic lights and warning signs. Liaison with local Gardaí may be necessary. The activity of installing and removing cones, signs and traffic-control systems, should be planned with the same care and attention as other aspects of road works. In carrying out these activities, it is essential to ensure that you can see the traffic and the traffic can see you. Vehicular speeds must be controlled when passing through or in the vicinity of roadwork activities. Speed signs advising drivers of permitted speeds must be erected and displayed appropriately. Road surfaces and prevailing sight lines must be considered when deciding appropriate speeds.
VEHICLE CRASH BARRIERS
Where everyday transport moves close to road works, careful segregation must be planned, including the use of vehicle bollards, crash barriers, guardrails, signs, etc. The choice of the appropriate Vehicle Crash Barrier must be based on a Risk Assessment. This Risk Assessment should take into account the type and extent of work activity, including construction plant in use, duration of works, lines of sight, location, road surface, traffic speed, traffic volumes, width of road, etc.
Adequate lighting must be provided in darkened areas to prevent people from falling, slipping or tripping or being hit by projecting objects.
Slip kerbing machines with built-in conveyors can be hazardous. Such plants require on-going maintenance to ensure they are in a safe working condition. Pinch, entrapment, fall points and any areas where materials can be ejected must always be protected by guarding to prevent injury to users or people nearby. Ladders, walkways and safety rails should be maintained in good condition to eliminate the risk of falls. All such vehicles must be fitted with adequate lights and appropriate emergency stop buttons. Personnel operating such plant must receive training in their use. All dumper trucks should possess side mirrors, flashing beacons and audible reversing alarms. Most articulated dumpers will require CCTV to the rear.
Rock breaking involves applying heavy blows to a point either hydraulically or pneumatically. To prevent flying debris entering the cab it is recommended that the cab be fitted with a protective cage. When this method is used, regular inspections must be carried out to ensure that vibration has not caused deterioration in stability in the surrounding areas. Prior to use, the assembled machine must be inspected by a competent person, to ensure that the attachment is secure and that all connections are fitted correctly and are free from defects.
Excavators can be used as cranes when lifting gear is attached to the machine at a specifically designed locating point. To carry out such tasks, the excavator will normally have check valves (non-return valves) fitted to the main boom and dipper arm’s lifting cylinders. This is to ensure that in the event of a hydraulic or motor failure no part of the equipment will suddenly fall. The SWL for the excavator-lifting gear configuration should be the same at all radii, and should not exceed the load which the machine is designed to lift in its least stable configuration. Before the excavator is first used as a crane, a competent person must prepare a certificate.Inspect all quick-disconnect systems for buckets etc to ensure that all locking pins are in place. Prior to initial use and at least once a day thereafter check that all machine systems and operating controls are functioning correctly. Where the operator’s visibility is restricted appropriate auxiliary devices, which may include CCTV, convex mirrors, flashing beacon and movement alarm, must be fitted.
If any vehicle gets into difficulty on site, back actors, excavator booms, lifting arms, etc, should not be used to pull the vehicle free (unless this might prevent injury or death). Only appropriate plant should be used to rescue vehicles, and it should be done from an approved towing point.
NO TIPPING/OH LINES (OVERHEAD LINES)
The operation and movement of plant and equipment under and close to overhead lines can be dangerous. Where the cables are live, suitable and appropriate measures must be put in place to ensure that construction plant or loads do not touch or come within the arcing distance of the overhead lines. Typically, warning goal posts with associated signs should be erected a safe distance either side of the lines. Any passing plant must only access under the lines via the goal posts. The exposed lengths of the overhead lines must be guarded from unapproved access.
In circumstances where the erection of goal posts is not feasible, other equivalent measures based on detailed specific written Risk Assessment carried out by a competent person must be implemented. These measures may include a combination of: electronic or electromechanical limiters; line diversion; line insulation; line switch-out; No-Tip zones; warning notices; clear instruction of plant drivers in parallel with supervision by a competent signaller, etc. Refer to the ‘Code of Practice for Avoiding Danger from Overhead Electricity Lines’ for further information.
The operators of tipping vehicles and high-reach machines must pay particular attention to overhead lines, and always remain at a safe distance from them.
Many road coatings and materials such as asphalt, bitumen and macadam must be heated or boiled before application. Care must be taken to avoid breathing in the fumes released during the working of hot asphalt, bitumen and macadam. Prolonged exposure to these fumes may damage health. Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) for Liquid Petroleum Gas (LPG) and the coating materials (e.g. asphalt, bitumen, line-marking materials, etc) should be available to each coatings crew. Handling and storage precautions outlined in these SDSs must be adhered to. Workers should be provided with coveralls, protective gauntlets and goggles to protect their clothing, skin and eyes from splatter. Boots worn should be resistant to bitumen penetration. The burners/boilers are normally vehicle-mounted, many on special-purpose vehicle carriers (e.g. for laying a hot-rolled asphalt-wearing course). The boilers and LPG cylinders must at all times be secured. All associated controls, pipework, valves and gas-burner heating units should be regularly inspected and maintained in good working order. Only one person should be permitted to operate the spray bar during operations. The gas system on bitumen sprayers should have a built-in flame-failure device to ensure that gas is automatically cut off if the flame is extinguished. Bitumen boilers should be kept at least three metres from the cylinders. A suitable fire extinguisher must be available on each machine.
The sprayer driver and spray-bar operator should be aware of how to cut off the gas supply in the event of an emergency. Smoking must be prohibited in the working area. Lance operators, particularly in windy conditions, should wear face protection.
Operators involved in burning off road markings must wear the appropriate PPE for the task. High pressure water jetting may be considered as an alternative to Hot Compressed Air Lance for line removal.
Measures must be put in place to ensure that all vehicles not involved in the work activity are kept a safe distance from this work.
HOT COMPRESSED AIR LANCE
Persons operating this equipment must be fully trained and be familiar with its operation and the potential hazards. When in operation these units maintain very high temperatures, so extreme caution must be used as severe burns can result if used improperly. The Lance must not be left unattended or left running and must not be set down or placed on flammable materials until it has cooled down. Regular checks must be carried out to ensure that the units are assembled correctly and maintained regularly. Because of the heat and noise of the hot air lance, eye and hearing protection are advised.
JACK HAMMER/VIBRATION CONTROLS/COMPACTORS
Hand-arm vibration means that type of mechanical vibration which, when transmitted to the human hand-arm system, entails risk to the health of employees, in particular of vascular, joint, neurological or muscular disorders. Where there is or there is likely to be exposure to mechanical vibration from compactor plates, jack hammers, kangos, etc, a suitable and appropriate Risk Assessment must be carried out. Measures that may be taken to reduce such exposure may include selection of clothing to protect against cold and damp, alternative equipment and methods, equipment maintenance programmes, information, limitation of duration, rest periods, training and work design.
DAILY HSE MONITORING
HSE monitoring as per the monitoring chart and recorded. HSE Observation card system to be followed by site supervisor
Adverse weather, such as high winds and ice, can lead to unsafe working conditions. In high winds or icy weather, it may be necessary to cease work at height in exposed areas. Also, in high wind conditions loose materials may need to be removed or tied down, to prevent them blowing or falling. In hot sunny weather, sun protection must be considered, as well as the provision of drinking water to prevent dehydration.
Welfare facilities as required will be arranged on site and maintained properly. Sufficient drinking water will be available with the Crew.
The Crew will be made aware of the signs and symptoms of Heat related illnesses and early warning indications via heat stress training and awareness. The Front Line Supervisor should be notified of any early indications and corrective action taken. Heart rate (rapid pulse) is a good indicator of the degree of heat stress that a person is experiencing. Eating and toilet facilities will be provided at site
Emergency response will be in accordance with the project emergency response plan and HSE Plan. Emergency contact number will be posted at site. Emergency contact numbers are available with the HSE Plan. The contact number to be displayed and the project emergency contact toll free number.
Police 999 (emergency)
Fire Department 997
Coast Guard 996
First-aid equipment must be provided and maintained, and be easily accessible. At least one first aider should be available if the site-specific. Risk Assessment shows that this is necessary. A trained first aider should generally be available to all road workers.
Every new contractor or new employee on a site should undergo an induction when they first arrive on site. This induction should inform the attendees about: site rules and procedures; the arrangements for their safety and welfare on site; and who the key responsible persons (duty holders) are. Emergency plans/procedures should be explained at inductions (they must also be available in writing), so that if an incident occurs on site the risk of injury to workers and people in the vicinity is minimized. These measures must also deal with rescue. When developing the emergency plans, it may be necessary to liaise with the local emergency services. Timely and good communication is essential at all times. Clear communication helps to ensure that tasks are understood and completed in a safe manner.
Unauthorized entry will be stopped at the site entry which will be controlled by security personnel at gate. Visitors will be inducted and allowed to site with relevant PPEs and accompanied by Contractor personnel. Not inducted or personnel without PPEs will not be permitted to site
Vehicles will be not permitted to construction area, will be parked away at the designated parking. A dedicated parking area to be established on the construction base for the private vehicles of construction personnel and will be provided with a sign denoting.
WORKING CLOSE TO THE PUBLIC
Where work activity is carried out close to members of the public, measures should be taken to protect them.
Construction activity should not present an undue risk to members of the public, especially to children. Suitable fencing must be used to secure sites.
Particularly on street-side works, adequately designed and constructed hoardings should be erected to secure the site work. Arrangements must be put in place to ensure that normal pedestrian and public vehicular traffic are not put at undue risk as a result of any changes made.
All ongoing works – in particular exposed manholes, street-related activities, open excavations, etc – must be protected with barriers and identified with warning signs.
Where members of the public have to access close to, or around construction work, suitable safe routes must be provided to protect them. Consideration must also be given to people with disabilities. Construction debris must be kept clear from such public areas. Dust, muck, objects likely to fall, protruding puncture objects, trip hazards, etc, must be removed. Where reinstatement is required, it must be completed without delay.
Only authorised people should be allowed onto construction sites. Trained security personnel can help to control access.
Housekeeping will be conducted daily and debris will be removed. Segregated brown containers for the various types of organic waste to be disposed off will be provided. Food waste will be collected, bagged and placed in skips located near each lunch area. The skips will be collected daily and transported by authorized transporter to approved landfill.
Workers are transported to site by buses driven by trained and experience drivers with valid UAE licenses. All drivers will be trained on defensive driving. No driving will be undertaken during fog and sand storm. Pre-use inspection of the vehicles every day prior to start the shift will be ensured. The desert kit, first aid box and enough water will be available with the vehicles. All driving will be through identified route.
TRAINED AND COMPETENT PERSONNEL
Trained surveyors and helpers as required will be deployed for the job as required.
The Construction Manager/Project Engineer/Safety Engineer will be supervising the team and he will be responsible for the Health and Safety of the personnel included in his team.
STORAGE OF HAZARDOUS ITEMS
Hazardous materials like batteries / marking/ spray paints etc. will be stored in dedicated leak proof containers provided with tight caps and sealed and clearly marked properly and the waste will be taken of site for disposal.